The City of David (Hebrew: עיר דוד, Ir David); is the oldest settled neighbourhood
of Jerusalem and a major archaeological site due to recognition as biblical Jerusalem.
It is a narrow ridge running south from the Temple Mount. It was a walled city in
the Bronze Age and, according to tradition, it is the place where King David built
his palace and established his capital. The City of David was naturally defended
by the Tyropoeon Valley on its west, the Hinnom valley to the south, and the Kidron
Valley on the east; although over time the once-steep valley to the west has been
largely filled in.
In the ancient pred-Israelite period, the City of David was separated from the Temple
Mount by the Ophel, an uninhabited area which became the seat of government under
Israelite rule. During the reign of Hezekiah, the walls of the city were expanded
westward, enclosing a previously unwalled suburb in the area now known as the Old
City of Jerusalem, west of the Temple Mount.
Although there is currently both Muslim and Jewish housing in the area, archeological
digs are ongoing under many of the homes and it is proposed to make the entire ridge
into an archaeological park.
New Testament references for the City of David being BethlehemJesus birth in Bethlehem
also called City of David
Luke 2:4 And Joseph also went up from Galilee, out of the city of Nazareth, into
Judea, unto the city of David, which is called Bethlehem; (because he was of the
house and lineage of David:)
Luke 2:11 For unto you is born this day in the city of David a Saviour, which is
Christ the Lord.