The Dead Sea Hebrew: יָם הַמֶּלַח, Yām HamMélaḥ, "Sea of Salt", also Hebrew:
יָם הַמָּוֶת, Yām HamMā́we, "The Sea of Death", also called the Salt Sea, is
a salt lake bordering Jordan to the east and Israel and the West Bank to the west.
Its surface and shores are 423 metres (1,388 ft) below sea level, Earth's lowest
elevation on land. The Dead Sea is 377 m (1,237 ft) deep, the deepest hypersaline
lake in the world. With 33.7% salinity, it is also one of the world's saltiest bodies
of water, though Lake Assal (Djibouti), Garabogazköl and some hypersaline lakes of
the McMurdo Dry Valleys in Antarctica (such as Don Juan Pond) have reported higher
salinities. It is 8.6 times saltier than the ocean.
The Dead Sea seawater has a density of 1.240 kg/L, which makes swimming similar to
McMurdo Dry Valleys in Antarctica (such as Don Juan Pond) have reported higher salinities.
It is 8.6 times saltier than the ocean. This salinity makes for a harsh environment
in which animals cannot flourish, hence its name. The Dead Sea is 67 kilometres (42
mi) long and 18 kilometres (11 mi) wide at its widest point. It lies in the Jordan
Rift Valley, and its main tributary is the Jordan River.
The Dead Sea has attracted visitors from around the Mediterranean basin for thousands
of years. Biblically, it was a place of refuge for King David. It was one of the
world's first health resorts (for Herod the Great), and it has been the supplier
of a wide variety of products, from balms for Egyptian mummification to potash for
fertilizers. People also use the salt and the minerals from the Dead Sea to create
cosmetics and herbal sachets. In 2009, 1.2 million foreign tourists visited on the
It is a truly priceless national treasure. The western shore (inside Israel’s borders)
is dotted with organized beaches and bathing areas that provide convenient access
to the water. Beside two of the therapeutic beaches (Neve Zohar and Ein Bokek) large
tourism centers have been established, providing the most pampering tourism services.