Tel Aviv (Hebrew: תֵּל־אָבִיב); is the second most populous city in Israel, with
a population of 404,400 and a land area of 52 km2 (20 sq mi). The city is located
on the Israeli Mediterranean coastline in central-west Israel. It is the largest
and most populous city in the Tel Aviv Metropolitan Area, home to 3,325,700 residents.
The city is governed by the Tel Aviv-Yafo municipality, headed by Ron Huldai. Residents
of Tel Aviv are referred to as Tel Avivim. As the United Nations and most countries
do not recognise Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, Tel Aviv is home to most foreign
Tel Aviv was founded in 1909 by the Jewish Community of Jaffa (Hebrew: יָפוֹ Yafo),
on the outskirts of the ancient port city.
The growth of Tel Aviv soon outpaced Jaffa, which had a majority Arab population
at the time. Tel Aviv and Jaffa were merged into a single municipality in 1950, two
years after the establishment of the State of Israel. Tel Aviv's White City, designated
a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2003, comprises the world's largest concentration
of Bauhaus buildings.
Tel Aviv is an economic hub, home to the Tel Aviv Stock Exchange, corporate offices
and research and development centers. It is the country's financial capital and a
major performing arts and business center. Tel Aviv has the second-largest economy
in the Middle East after Dubai, and is the 31st most expensive city in the world.
In 2010, Knight Frank's world city survey ranked it 34th globally. Tel Aviv has been
named the third "hottest city for 2011" (behind only New York City and Tangier) by
Lonely Planet, third-best in the Middle East and Africa by Travel + Leisure magazine
(behind only Cape Town and Jerusalem), and the ninth-best beach city in the world
by National Geographic. Tel Aviv is consistently ranked as one of the top LGBT destinations
in the world.